The goods handled as bulk cargo in maritime transport, such as ore, coal, building materials, grain, fertilisers or mineral oil products, reached a total volume of around 39 million tonnes in the Port of Hamburg in 2020. This makes Hamburg by far the largest port in Germany for the handling of seaborne goods in bulk.
Bulk cargo handling can in turn be divided into three sub-sectors: At 19.4 million tonnes in 2020, grab cargo is the most handled sector in Hamburg. This includes goods such as ore and coal with the largest individual items in terms of volume. Liquid cargo such as mineral oil products, biodiesel or chemical products belongs to the second strongest sub-segment in bulk cargo handling in the Port of Hamburg with 11.6 million t in 2020. The third sub-segment is the handling of suction cargo or agribulk. In 2020, 7.5 million tonnes were registered in Hamburg. This was almost 20 per cent more than in the previous year. Fluctuations in volume in this handling segment are often weather-related, as this can have an impact on the quality and quantity of the harvest of grain for export, for example. The sub-segments of grab cargo and vacuum cargo are also referred to as dry bulk. Together, these accounted for just under 27 million tonnes in Hamburg in 2020.