Container throughput down
With the annexation of Crimea in 2014, the European Union implemented the first sanctions against Russia. Since then, container throughput in the Port of Hamburg's trade with Russia has steadily declined. While throughput in 2013 was 718,000 TEU, last year it was 337,000 TEU.
Container handling has been particularly affected by the sanctions so far. After a temporary halt, container terminals have announced that they will continue to handle non-sanctioned goods. However, these must be individually exempted by customs.