The Port of Hamburg – important transhipment point for Polish foreign trade
The Port of Hamburg is an important hub for the distribution of Polish imports and exports. More than 10 percent of Polish container traffic is routed via Hamburg. Poland is one of very few countries, which are connected to Hamburg over both sea and land. Thus, the Hanseatic port offers excellent combination of fast and environmentally friendly connections by means of feeder ship, train, and truck. Existing transport infrastructure linking both regions is being constantly modernized and expanded, which provides improvement of transport conditions for both container and non-container traffic. The largest part of container traffic – almost 200,000 TEU – is transported by feeder ship on regular liner services connecting Hamburg and container terminals in Gdansk, Gdynia, and Szczecin via Kiel canal.
However, substantial number of containers is transported also on the land side, as Hamburg and Poland are linked by an average of 84 regular container train connections (2020) and by large number of private trucking companies. Almost 75,000 TEU were transported by rail in 2020 and, in addition, around 50,000 TEU were transported by truck. On top of that, containers from China are also transported along the New Silk Road via Poland to Hamburg (Poland is considered the most important transit country in the EU in the Belt-Road-Initiative). The most imported and exported goods mainly include chemical products, food, and beverages as well as machinery, other finished goods, furniture, and electrical products.