The Port of Hamburg is Central/Eastern Germany’s most important export port, primarily for containerized freight, but also for bulk and general cargo. The most important sectors of industry are traditional machinery, plant and vehicle building, along with the chemical and mining industries. However, new technological sectors, e.g. photovoltaic equipment and wind power, are of growing importance.
Hamburg as an all-purpose port profits particularly from the well-developed transport infrastructure in the ‘new’ Eastern states. Centres of trade and industry in Thuringia, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Berlin/Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania are very well linked with the Hamburg Metropolitan Region via efficient trimodal terminals. Container block trains run several times a day between the regional terminals and the Port of Hamburg. Rail with an over 67 percent share is the main carrier for freight from Saxony, which along with Saxony-Anhalt is also linked with the Port of Hamburg by inland waterway vessels on regular liner services. Oversize freight up to 7.50 metres high can also be transported on the Elbe and the Elbe Lateral Canals.
In addition, every state in Germany is extremely well linked with the Port of Hamburg via the autobahns. Filling the gaps in the autobahn network, for example on the A14 from Magdeburg via Wittenberge to Schwerin, will improve connections with other regions.