The Port of Hamburg has been the leading hub for exports and overseas imports to and from Bavaria for many years. Geographical proximity and excellent transport links between Germany’s largest seaport and the state’s manufacturing facilities are especially advantageous for this region’s strongly export-oriented economy. They contribute substantially to Bavaria’s economic success. International and well organized mid-sized companies, a historically rooted variety of industries, preparedness to innovate and invest, as well as an unusually well-developed services sector, ensure thriving trade there. The Port of Hamburg also benefits as Bavaria’s leading load port. Around 52 percent of Bavarian foreign trade, more than 720,000 TEU, are handled annually via the Port of Hamburg. Among the chief goods categories exported are automotive parts and machinery, as well as chemicals, pharmaceutical products and vehicles. The main imports consist of household goods, textiles, machinery and electrical goods.
Over 62 percent of the freight handled in Hamburg for Bavaria is transported by rail. Every week 216 container trains run between the Port of Hamburg and Bavaria. The state is also very well linked with the Port of Hamburg by the A7 autobahn that is Europe’s main North-South axis.